The best part about introducing your toddler to early math skills is that nobody has told them yet that math can be hard or no fun. In fact, your child will learn most of their early math skills through songs, games and kinesthetic activities. For youngsters, learning math is playtime… and playtime is learning.

Through simple playtime activities with cups and counters they’ll gain a concrete understanding of concepts like counting, greater than/less than, empty/full, patterning and more, building confidence and a love of numbers!

 Mix N’ Match

Try these simple games to introduce matching and sorting:

Using a variety of colorful animal counters and a container, ask your toddler to pull out all of the red counters. Then ask them to pull out all of the purple counters, and so on.

Introduce a sorting tray with multiple dividers for more advanced sorting activities. Sort the counters by shape, color, or size.

Repeat after me

Using the same colorful counters – simply make patterns, such as red, blue, yellow, and ask your toddler to recreate the same pattern.

Roll and count

Counters can also be used to introduce number recognition and number sense. Put the counters or other similar objects in a plastic baggy or bucket and introduce a large die. Roll the die, say the number out loud and ask your child to count and pull that number of counters out of the container. Repeat until all of the counters are gone. Then do the same thing for clean-up but in reverse!

Bounce n’ count

Take a soft bouncy ball and play a game of catch. Bounce the ball to each other and count every bounce. It’s a fun way to learn to count and build gross motor skills at the same time.

Teaching toddler counting skills


Jump n’ count

Burn some excess energy by jumping and counting to ten. If your little leaper is feeling extra energetic, challenge them to go up to twenty. This activity is great, because they’re also building up gross motor skills and core strength.

Stamp it

Introduce counting and number recognition with jumbo number stamps or puzzle cards. Ask kids to stamp out the numbers in order. Or draw dots on the paper and ask them to identify the quantity by stamping the correct number.

Math in the bath

Introduce stackable cups to the bath routine. Through play, toddlers will discover early volume concepts like full and empty. Take a small cup and empty it into a bigger cup.  Then try to empty the bigger cup into the smaller one. Talk through what is happening with your toddler. “Uh-oh, my cup is full and yours still has water in it.”

teaching toddlers math in the bath

You will discover your child has a favorite way to learn. It could be through physical activity or quiet play. Through playtime, abstract math concepts can become concrete for little learners, whether they are counting while building a tower or even serving tea – they are developing a love of math to last a lifetime!